Indian Railways, one of the largest rail network in the world recruits large number of personnel in various cadres. Indian Railways is divided into zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. These zone and divisions have technical and non technical departments to which recruitment are done through  competitive exams.

Staff are classified into gazetted (Group A and B) and non-gazetted (Group C and D) employees.  The recruitment of Group A gazetted employees is carried out by the Union Public Service Commission  through exams conducted by it.  The recruitment to Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ employees on the Indian Railways is done through 19 Railway Recruitment Boards which are controlled by the Railway Recruitment Control Board (RRCB).  The training of all cadres is entrusted and shared between six centralised training institutes.

Group A

Recruitment  to Group A Service in the various departments of Railways are  made through

(a)   Competitive Examination held by the Union Public Service Commission. Mainly the exams are as under

 *  Civil Service Examination for Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS) and the Indian Railways Accounts Services (IRAS)

 * Combined Engineering Service for Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE), Indian Railway Services of Signal Engineers (IRSSE) and Indian Railway Store Service (IRSS) 

(b)   Promotion of officers in Group B Service including officiating Group B Railway officers of the service or department;

(c)  By appointment of candidates initially recruited as Special Class Apprentices on the results of the examination conducted by U.P.S.C. in accordance with the rules for recruitment to Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers.

(d)   By transfer  of an officer in service of the Government provided the recruitment rules include a provision to this effect;

(e)   By occasional admission of other qualified persons in consultation with the U.P.S.C

Group B

Group B officers are directly promoted from Group C.

Group C and Group D posts on Indian Railways and other Railway Administration are filled in either of the following ways according to the relevant recruitment rules or other extant orders, if any

(i)  by direct recruitment;

(ii) by promotion;

(iii) by transfer of suitable staff, if necessary, from other Government offices. 

Direct recruitment to Railway Services, Group C are made through Railway Recruitment Board  for different Zonal Railways/Production Units.

In all, there are 19 RRBs, which cater to the respective zonal staffing requirements. Based on staff requirements, Employment Notifications are released in Employment News ( A publication of the Government of India) and Indicative advertisements in other News Papers .

There are generally two Notifications in a year by each RRB.